About Bolivia

Bolivia is the poorest country in South America.  The total population is approximately 10,600,000 people of which the youth population (under 25 years of age) represents 42.4% of total population and is one of the most vulnerable and poorest population groups in Bolivia. 69.6% of the youth population live in moderate poverty of which 45.2% live in extreme poverty (less than 2 U.S. dollars (1.25 GBP) per day (UDAPE 2008). The infant mortality rate is 40 for every 1,000 live births and 29% of all live births are in young women between the ages of 15 to 19. In 2012, the Ministry of Health predicted that 30,000 new cases of HIV/Aids will be diagnosed.  26% of all the HIV/Aids cases are in the 15 to 24 age group. Six out of ten children abandon formal education and 850,000 children work.

In Bolivia, the inequality and social discrimination - so-called "poverty" by colonialism neoliberal - grew in depth and breadth. The country faces the problem of the distribution of wealth and equitable access to means of production for nine of every 10 inhabitants of the country. While adjustment policies are introduced the "poverty reduction" as urgent goal for public policies, the achievement of objectives is translated, first, in goals for the reduction of the "basic needs unmet”, then “human development indicators" and, finally, in the achievement of the “objectives of the millennium" and the organization of a "social safety net".

In 2009 a new Political Constitution in Bolivia was ratified that established rights for children and young people, indigenous populations, and other vulnerable populations. However, the implementation and access to these rights and various laws is extremely limited and not fulfilled.


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